Main Experiment: Tree inventory Main experiment Site B 2011

Usage Rights

This data is Free for members.

Dataset Abstract

This data documents the tree growth parameters in 2011 for site B, belonging to the annual inventory taking place for both site A and site B. Individual-tree growth is a function of stand attributes, local neighbors, plant size, plant damage, genotype, and local abiotic site conditions. Given a certain time phase (combing further data along the timeline), the following scientific questions will be investigated: a) How does the within-plot individual-tree growth vary within and among species as a function of species richness? b) Wheather diversity reduces competition by quantifying local neighbour interactions in terms of growth rates and branch demography? c) What are the ecological importance of phenotypic plasticity of tree individuals in relation to competition, species richenss, and local terrain conditions? d) How the individual-tree growth is affected by soil feed-backs (mycorrhiza, pedogenetic processes,soil chemistry and nutrient cycle)? The overall objective with the data to be achieved is to test the hypothesis that the diversity effect at the plot level is the overall result of the diversity effects at the local neighbourhood level. This data as a basis can also be linked to other abiotic and biotic factors for investigating the interactions between the tree growth performance and abiotic and biotic factors. Measurement for this data took place in October 2010. Measurements were conducted in the central part (extended core area) of all 1mu-plots in site A. Extended core area is the central 6 * 6 trees in the monoculture and 2-species mixtures ( total 36 tree positions per 1mu-plot), the central 12 * 12 trees in the 4-,8-,16-,24-species mixtures (total 144 tree positions per 1 mu-plot). By applying the conventional measuring methods direct in the field, tree position, tree species, total height, stem diameter 5 cm above ground height (gd), the diameter at breast height (dbh), the distance up to the first branch, the distance up to the longest branch, the diameter, the length, the azimuth and the angle of the longest branch, the crown diameters (N-S and E-W) were measured and the number of branches were counted.

Dataset Design

The tree positions in the so called extended core area for each 1mu-plot were surveyed. The extended core area is the central 6 * 6 tree positions in the monocultres and 2-species mixtures (36 tree positions per 1mu-plot) and the central 12 * 12 tree positions in the 4-, 8-, 16- or 24- species mixtures (144 tree positions per 1mu-plot).

Spatial Extent

This data was collected from site B within the BEF-China experiment, which is located in a hilly subtropical region near Xingangshan Township, Jiangxi Province (29.08-29.11 N, 117.90- 117.93 E), China. The mean annual temperature is 16.7 celsius degrees and the mean annual average precipitation 1821 mm. The natural vegetation of this region is subtropical broad-leaved forest with dominance in abundance of evergreen species (Bruelheide et al. 2011). Site B was planted in 2010 and covers a total area of 26.6 ha, ranging in altitude from 105 to 190 m.

Taxonomic Extent

Castanopsis sclerophylla
Cyclobalanopsis glauca
Castanopsis eyrei
Lithocarpus glaber
Schima superba
Cinnamomum camphora
Daphniphyllum oldhamii
Diospyros japonica
Betula luminifera
Castanopsis fargesii
Celtis biondii
Elaeocarpus japonicus
Michilus grijsii
Machilus leptophylla
Manglietia fordiana
Quercus phillyreoides
Alanthus altissima
Alniphyllum fortunei
Elaeocarpus chinensis
Elaeocarpus glabripetalus
Idesia omeiensis
Machilus thunbergii
Meliosma flexuosa
Phoebe bournei

Measurement Circumstances

The measurements were conducted after the weeding in autumn and before the deciduous trees leaved off. Choosing this season is because a) weeded plots shorten the time consumed for identifying the tree positions; b) during this period, trees reach their highest height for this growing season (Pilot Experiment approved, unpublished data); c) Leaf-on gives a more accurate estimation on crown diameter.

Paper proposal submissions

Published

2013

Data columns available in the raw data part of this dataset

TAG
code for planting locations, 12 digits with "t" in front; Datagroup description: Tree or shrub tags consist of 12 digits: The first 6 are the site plot name: _1_ site _2/3_ row, counting from North _4/5_ column, counting from west _6_ is the plot moved? Is it a quarter plot? The next 6 digits describe the tree individual _7/8_ type of individual (01 planned tree, 02 other tree than planted but in a given plot somewhere, 03 planned shrub, 04 other shrub within this plot) _9/10_ x grid position within plot, starting from southwest northwards _11/12 y grid position, starting from southwest eastwards.
Data group: t or s TAG Main Experiment
Keywords: tree individual, location, object
Values
t203270010406
t203270010405
t203270010407
t203270010408
t203270010404
group2011
group2011
Data group: Helper
Values
g05
g04
g03
g02
g01
PTAG
plot code, BEF research plot name, 6 digits with "p" in front; Datagroup description: Research plots of the Biodiversity - Ecosystem functioning experiment (BEF-China). Main Experiment plots have a size of 1 mu, which is about 25x25m^2 in horizontal projection. Pilot Study Plots have a size of 1x1 m^2. Research plots on the main experiment have a "p" in front of their IDs and then a 6 digit code: Plots in the main sites A and B are named according to their position in the original spreadsheet, in which they were designed. They consist of 6 digits: _1st digit_: Site (1:A, 2:B), _digit 2and3_: southwards row: as in spreadsheets the rows are named from the top to the bottom; _digit 4 and 5_: westward column: as in the original spreadsheet, but the letters are converted to numbers (A=01, B=02); _6th digit_: indicator, if the plot has been shifted a quarter mu. Example: "p205260": "p" means that this is a plot that is specified. "2" means, that we are at site B. Now the coordinates of the south - west corner: "0526". Since "e" is the fifth letter of the alphabet, this is Plot E26. The last digit "0" means that this plot was not moved by a quarter of a Mu, as some sites in Site B. The 6th digit can also indicate the subplot within the plot. "5", "6", "7", "8" indicate the northwest, northeast, southeast, and southwest quarter plot respectively.
Data group: BEF research plot name
Keywords: Main Experiment, Site B
Values
p203270
p205240
p204260
p204270
p204250
position2011
the grid position of the individual according to Z1/Z2 label
Data group: Individual position within plot in Site A or B (given by SP1/SP2)
Values
pos0105
pos0106
pos0107
pos0108
pos0109
id2011
the grid position of the individual according to SP2 label
Data group: Helper
Values
id10.13
id10.10
id10.12
id10.14
id10.11
spp.code.n2011
the species code surveyed in 2011
Data group: Species codes (Species numbers in the Main experiment)
Values
13
15
14
11
12
spp2011
the species name surveyed in 2011
Data group: Scientific plant species name
Keywords: species
Values
Betula luminifera
Castanopsis eyrei
Ailanthus altissima
Alniphyllum fortunei
Acer davidii
height2011
the total tree height; Datagroup description: Total height was measured as the length from stem base to the apical meristem.; Instrumentation: linear tape
Unit: centimeter
Data group: Plant height
Keywords: response variable, height
Values
10
0
102
100
101
h1st2011
the distance up to the first living branch, for branchless trees, the distance up to the first living leaf was recorded; Instrumentation: linear tape
Unit: centimeter
Data group: Bifurcation point
Keywords: bifurcation point, crown architecture
Values
10
0
1
100
101
llong2011
the length of the longest branch; Instrumentation: linear tape
Unit: centimeter
Data group: Branch demography
Keywords: response variable, branch
Values
102
1
101
100
10
hlong2011
the distance up to the longest branch; Instrumentation: linear tape
Unit: centimeter
Data group: Branch demography
Keywords: branch
Values
1
0
100
10
101
azlong2011
the azimuth of the longest branch; Instrumentation: compass
Unit: degree
Data group: Branch demography
Keywords: response variable, branch
Values
110
10
0
105
100
anlong2011
the elevation angle of the longest branch; Instrumentation: angle finder
Unit: degree
Data group: Branch demography
Keywords: response variable, branch
Values
0.1
0
0.2
0.4
0.3
dlong2011
the diameter for the longest branch ( 1cm from stem )
Unit: centimeter
Data group: Branch demography
Keywords: response variable, branch
Values
0
0.1
0.05
0.06
0.15
gd2011
the stem ground diameter ( 5 cm aboveground ); Datagroup description: Stem diameter at 5 cm above ground was measured; Instrumentation: calliper
Unit: centimeter
Data group: Basal diameter
Keywords: response variable, basal diameter
Values
0.06
0.1
0.05
0.14
0.15
dbh2011
the diameter at breast height ( 130 cm aboveground ); Instrumentation: calliper
Unit: centimeter
Data group: Diameter at breast height
Keywords: response variable, dbh
Values
47
70
50
cbh2011
the crown base height; Instrumentation: linear tape
Unit: centimeter
Data group: Crown architecture
Keywords: response variable, crown
Values
11
3
ns.crown2011
the crown diameter along N-S cardinal direction
Unit: centimeter
Data group: Crown architecture
Keywords: crown architecture
Values
1
101
100
0
10
ew.crown2011
the crown diameter along E-W cardinal direction
Unit: centimeter
Data group: Crown architecture
Keywords: crown architecture
Values
10
101
1
0
100
nbranch2011
the number of branches (taking account of branches longer than 1 cm)
Data group: Branch demography
Keywords: response variable, branch
Values
10
0
11
1
12
nd.branch2011
the number of dead branches
Data group: Branch demography
Keywords: response variable, branch
Values
1
10
12
11
0
comment2011
comments
Data group: Comments
Values
2010 this position might be overseen
1313
2010this position might be overseen
angle incorrec
0
date2011
the survey date
Data group: Date time information
Keywords: date
Values
14-10-2011
15-10-2011
12-10-2011
11-10-2011
13-10-2011