Main Experiment: Seed addition experiment Site A (VIPs) – repeated monitoring

Usage Rights

This data is Free within projects.

SP11

Dataset Abstract

While diversity-invasibility relationships have often been addressed in experimental grassland communities, experimental approaches in forests are less common, especially in species-rich subtropical regions. Forest ecosystems feature higher complexity than grassland ecosystems, since they are composed by different vertical layers covering a high level of horizontal heterogeneity.
In the context of a large-scale tree diversity experiment in subtropical China (BEF-China) with diversity levels from 1 to 24, we established a seed addition experiment with groups of native and exotic herbaceous species. In this early-successional system, seed mixtures for both groups were created with high and low functional diversity, sown into subplots along the tree diversity gradient of and harvested after one vegetation period.

Dataset Design

The seed addition experiment was established on Site A for analyzing the impact of tree diversity on herb layer invasibility and finished with harvest in October 2010. The seed addition experiment was conducted within 32 plots representing the full tree diversity gradient at Site A. These selected 32 plots included the tree diversity levels one (n = 16), two (n = 8), four (n = 4) eight (n = 2), 16 (n =1) and 24 (n = 1). Within the northern five rows of each plot, six subplots (2 m × 2 m) containing four trees, respectively, were randomly selected and established in March 2010. Thus, the seed addition was based on a total of 191 (32 × 6) subplots, each experiencing a neighbourhood tree diversity ranging from one to four (1, 2, 4). Within each subplot, seeds were added to a core area of 1 m² in the centre and surrounded by four target tree individuals, whereas the adjacent area served as a buffer zone The six subplots per plot were assigned to different seed addition treatments. Seed addition was applied by using five different seed mixtures, which were composed by six different species each. The species are annuals, bi-annuals or perennials and represent typical species of ruderal, disturbed sites like clear-cut forest areas.
Two seed mixtures were composed by native species (N) or exotic species (E) only. Within each of the groups of native and exotic species, one seed mixture was composed by functionally dissimilar species (N high and E high) and a second mixture by functionally similar species (N low and E low). A fifth seed mixture was composed by three exotic and three native species (EN) and a sixth subplot per plot received no seed addition and served as an internal control. In April 2010, each seed addition subplot received a total of 2400 seeds per m², i.e. 400 seeds per each species were sown into the subplot’s core area. A full vegetation survey including cover, maximum height and mean height of all naturally occurring species in the herb layer was conducted in April, May, August and September 2010.

Spatial Extent

Main experiment, Site A, no shrub VIPs
29°08'-29°11'N
117°90'-117°93'E

Temporal Extent

Initial seed addition was performed in April 2010

Taxonomic Extent

The following herb species were used for seed addition: Ageratum conyzoides, Amaranthus spinosus, Bidens frondosa, Chenopodium ambrosioides, Conyza canadensis, Erigeron annuus, Gynura crepidioides, Oenothera biennis, Solidago canadensis, Artemisia lavandulaefolia, Artemisia anomala, Bidens biternata, Chenopodium album, Corchoropsis tomentosa, Lactuca formosana, Rumex japonicus, Siegesbeckia glabrescens, Solanum nigrum

Data Analysis

For each subplot, the coverage of each herb layer species is given

Data columns available in the raw data part of this dataset

PTAG
Research plots on the main experiment have a "p" in front of their IDs and then a 6 digit code: Plots in the main sites A and B are named according to their position in the original spreadsheet, in which they were designed. They consist of 6 digits: _1st digit_: Site (1:A, 2:B), _digit 2and3_: southwards row: as in spreadsheets the rows are named from the top to the bottom; _digit 4 and 5_: westward column: as in the original spreadsheet, but the letters are converted to numbers (A=01, B=02); _6th digit_: indicator, if the plot has been shifted a quarter mu. Example: "p205260": "p" means that this is a plot that is specified. "2" means, that we are at site B. Now the coordinates of the south - west corner: "0526". Since "e" is the fifth letter of the alphabet, this is Plot E26. The last digit "0" means that this plot was not moved by a quarter of a Mu, as some sites in Site A. The 6th digit can also indicate the subplot within the plot. "5", "6", "7", "8" indicate the northwest, northeast, southeast, and southwest quarter plot respectively.
Data group: BEF research plot name
Values
p105340
p105310
p106210
p103320
p106330
plot
Plot number on Site A; 30 VIPs with no shrub treatment; additional Plot N20 and L24 as exact replicate substitutes for unsuitable VIPs
Data group: Helper
Values
F33
C32
E31
F21
E34
treatment
seed addition treatment for each subplot: C-Control with no seed addition; E-high- seed addition of six exotic species which are functionally dissimilar;E-low- seed addition of six exotic species which are functionally similar;N-high- seed addition of six native species which are functionally dissimilar;N-low- seed addition of six native species which are functionally similar;EN-seed addition of three native and three exotic species
Data group: Treatment
Keywords: experimental treatment, seed addition
Values
E_low
C
N_high
E_high
EN
tree diversity
tree diversity of each Plot
Data group: Taxonomic biodiversity
Keywords: diversity treatment
Values
1
2
4
16
32
neighbourhood_tree_diversity
neighbourhood tree diversity of the subplots; for Plots with tree diversity 4-24, the neighbourhood tree diversity is 4;
Data group: Neighbourhood diverstiy
Keywords: competitive neighbourhood, neighbourhood, neighbourhood richness
Values
2
1
4
date
mean date for each monitoring campaign, 1. monitoring 2010-04-10; 2. monitoring 2010-05-20; 3. monitoring 2010-08-10, 4. monitoring 2010-09-10; specified as: year-month-date
Data group: Date time information
Keywords: date
Values
2010-08-10
2010-05-20
2010-09-10
2010-04-10
Acalypha_australis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
3
0
5
6
30
Achyranthes_bidentata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
3
0
Actinidia_chinensis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
3
1
2
0
Actinidia_eriantha
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
25
2
1
10
Adiantu_flabellulatum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Adinandra_millettii
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
10
11
12
Ageratum_conyzoides
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Agrimonia_pilosa
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Agrostis_matsumurae
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
10
0
Akebia_trifoliata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
1
10
5
0
Allium_ramosum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Alniphyllum_fortunei
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
8
3
0
15
Amaranthus_spinosus
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Anacardiaceae_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Aralia_chinensis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
15
1
2
0
Aralia_echinocaulis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
2
5
Artemisia_anomala
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Artemisia_lavandulaefolia
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Arthraxon_hispidus
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
1
15
0
Aster_ageratoides
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
5
0
1
3
Athyriopsis_japonica
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
3
Athyriopsis_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Berchemia_kulingensis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
0
Bidens_biternata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Bidens_frondosa
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Boehmeria_nivea
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
Boehmeria_platanifolia
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
10
15
2
Brachiaria_villosa
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
15
0
2
1
10
Broussonetia_kazinoki
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
10
2
15
Buddleja_lindleyana
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
15
10
12
0
1
Callicarpa_bodinieri
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
15
10
2
Callicarpa_giraldii
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
0
Callicarpa_rubella
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
5
0
1
Camellia_oleifera
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
10
2
5
0
Cardamine_hirsuta
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
1
0
Carex_brunnea
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
15
10
0
2
Carex_doniana
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
1
10
2
0
Carex_siderosticta
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
30
5
15
2
0
Carex_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
2
10
0
15
Carex_tristachya
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
10
15
1
2
Carpesium_cernuum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
4
3
15
0
1
Castanea_mollissima
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
5
2
Cayratia_japonica
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
20
10
2
1
Celastrus_oblanceifolius
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
3
0
5
2
Celtis_sinensis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
5
Centella_asiatiea
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
Cinnamomum_camphora
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Cleredendrum_cyrtophyllum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
12
0
3
1
15
Commelina_communis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
15
25
10
0
1
Conyza_bonariensis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Conyza_canadensis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
0
15
1
2
Corchoropsis_tomentosa
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Cunninghamia_lanceolata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
15
1
10
2
0
Cyanthillium_cinereum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Cyclobalanopsis_gracilis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Cyclosorus_acuminatus
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
5
Cyperus_difformis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Cyperus_iria
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Dalbergia_hupeana
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
12
10
15
Desmodium_caudatum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
3
Desmodium_heterocarpon
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
5
Dicranopteris_pedata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
100
12
1
0
10
Digitaria_sanguinalis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Dioscorea_polystachya
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
3
Dryopteri_ championii
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
3
0
1
2
10
Dryopteris_decipiens
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
2
8
0
Dryopteris_fuscipes
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
4
5
1
0
3
Dryopteris_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
Duchesnea_indica
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
3
5
1
2
0
Echinochloa_crusgalli
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Eclipta_prostrata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Elaeagnus_glabra
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
3
1
Epilobium_hirsutum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Erigeron_annuus
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Evodia_fargesii
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
15
1
10
2
0
Eupatorium_chinense
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
5
1
25
0
Eupatorium_japonicum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
1
10
0
15
Eupatorium_lindleyanum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
10
Eurya_muricata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
5
1
0
Euscaphis_japonica
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Glochidion_puberum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
20
2
15
0
1
Gnaphalium_affine
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
5
Gonotera_hirta
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
2
0
20
15
Gynura_crepidioides
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
2
1
10
15
Haloragis_micrantha
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
2
1
Hedyotis_chrysotricha
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
2
10
15
Hedyotis_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Hemistepta_lyrata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
2
Houttuynia_cordata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
1
5
0
2
Hydrocotyle_sibthorpioides
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Hypericum_japonicum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
1
0
5
4
Ilex_purpurea
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
15
0
4
3
Ixeridium_chinensis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
10
Ixeris_polycephala
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
3
1
Ixeris_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
2
4
0
3
Kadsura_japonica
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Kadsura_longipedunculata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Kalimeris_indica
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Kummerowia_striata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Leguminosae_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
5
2
0
Lespedeza_formosa
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
15
1
0
2
Lindera_aggregata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
3
0
5
1
Lindera_erythrocarpa
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
5
Lindernia_crustacea
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Lindernia_setulosa
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Litsea_cubeba
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
12
1
0
15
10
Lophatherum_gracile
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
18
1
10
2
0
Loropetalum_chinense
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
13
1
15
0
Lygodium_japonicum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
10
0
15
18
Lyonia_ovalifolia_var_hebecarpa
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Lysimachia_fortunei
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
2
10
15
0
Lysimachia_pseudohenryi
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Macleaya_cordata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
12
10
0
1
15
Mallotus_apeltus
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
2
1
15
10
Melastoma_dodecandrum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
15
1
0
12
Melia_azedarach
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
8
5
Melochia_corchorifolia
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
Microlepia_marginata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Microstegium_vimineum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
15
10
1
0
Millettia_nitida
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
10
15
0
Miscanthus_floridulus
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
0
10
15
1
Mosla_scabra
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
Mussaenda_shikokiana
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
15
10
1
0
Myrica_rubra
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
2
5
3
0
Neanotis_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Oenothera_biennis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Ophiopogon_japonicus
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Oplismenus_undulatifolius
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Osmunda_japonica
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
3
10
0
1
Oxalis_corniculata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
2
10
15
1
Paederia_scandens_var._tomentosa
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
15
2
1
0
10
Panicum_bisulcatum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Paraprenathes_pilipes
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
3
1
0
Parathelypteris_glanduligera
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
10
2
15
Paspalum_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
0
1
4
3
Paspalum_spec.2
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Paulownia_tomentosa
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
15
0
10
2
1
Phyllanthus_matsumurae
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
2
0
20
1
Phyllostachys_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
18
35
0
3
10
Physalis_angulata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
5
1
0
Phytolacca_americana
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Pteris_multifida
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
Pinus_massoniana
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
3
2
0
14
1
Poa_acroleuca
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
8
55
20
Poaceae_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Polygala_hongkongensis_var._stenophylla
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
3
2
0
1
Polygonatum_filipes
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
Polygonum_hydropiper
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
Polygonum_japonicum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
12
1
Polygonum_longisetum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
0
1
5
Polygonum_minus
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Polygonum_perfoliatum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
0
1
Polygonum_perricaria
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
0
2
1
Potentilla_freyniana
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
10
0
Premna_microphylla
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
2
10
3
1
Prunus_discoidea
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Pteridium_aquilinum_var._latiusculum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
1
14
0
100
Lactuca_formosana
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Pterocypsela_indica
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
5
0
Pueraria_lobata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Quercus_fabri
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
2
1
Quercus_glandulifera_var._brevipetiolata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
20
2
4
Quercus_sclerophylla
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
3
1
6
5
0
Rhamnus_crenata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Rhododendron_dauricum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
Rhododendron_mariesii
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
3
0
10
1
Rhododendron_simsii
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
0
Rhus_chinensis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
2
5
1
6
Rhynchosia_volubilis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
15
12
10
1
Rosa_cymosa
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
Rosa_henryi
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
2
10
3
Rosa_laevigata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
Rostellularia_procumbens
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
Rubus_amphidasys
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Rubus_buergeri
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
3
0
Rubus_chingii
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
5
Rubus_corchorifolius
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
15
2
0
1
Rubus_hirsutus
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
12
1
10
0
15
Rubus_pacificus
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
13
10
1
12
0
Rubus_sumatranus
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
0
15
10
1
Salvia_plebeia
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
10
0
30
2
Sapium_sebiferum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
2
1
3
0
Sargentodoxa_cuneata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
15
2
0
1
Sassafras_tzumu
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
10
0
1
15
Schisandra_sphenanthera
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
15
1
0
10
2
Senecio_scandens
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Setaria_glauca
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
30
2
10
Siegesbeckia_glabrescens
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
10
0
1
20
Siegesbeckia_orientalis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Siphonostegia_chinensis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
2
Smilax_china
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
0
1
Smilax_glabra
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
3
2
1
10
0
Solanum_lyratum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
3
2
4
1
Solanum_nigrum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
3
10
5
Sophora_flavescens
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Sphenomeris_chinensis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
20
1
Stellaria_uliginosa
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Stenoloma_chusanum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
Stephania_japonica
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
3
0
Stimpsonia_chamaedryoides
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
2
5
8
0
Styrax_dasyanthus
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
3
1
4
0
2
Styrax_odoratissimus
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
0
10
15
1
Symplocos_paniculata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
4
0
Syzygium_buxifolium
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
12
0
2
1
10
Theaceae_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
Torenia_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
2
Tubocapsicum_anomalum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Urena_procumbens
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
Vaccinium_bracteatum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
18
10
1
15
0
Viola_diffusa_var._brevibarbata
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
0
3
2
1
Viola_grypoceras
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
3
1
0
Viola_stewardiana
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
2
Viola_verecunda
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
5
2
1
3
Viola_philippica
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
2
0
Vitex_negundo_var._cannabifolia
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
10
1
0
2
15
Vitis_chunganensis
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
2
Vitis_flexuosa
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
4
10
0
1
Woodwardia_japonica
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
15
18
10
0
Youngia_japonica
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
0
3
1
5
Zanthoxylum_ailanthoides_var._pubescens
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
1
2
Zanthoxylum_bungeanum
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
0
Compositae_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
5
1
0
2
Gramineae_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
1
0
10
2
12
Cyperaceae_spec.
vegetation coverage of species
Unit: percentage
Data group: Abundance class
Keywords: herb layer, abundance, cover
Values
2
0
15
1
5