Main Experiment: Leaf-litter inhabiting ants site A 2015

Usage Rights

This data is Free for public.

The data were collected during the master thesis of Merle Noack (merle.noack@gmx.de). Merle should be properly credited whenever the data are used.

Permission is granted to anybody to access, use and publish all open for public data freely. The commercial use of any data is prohibited. The quality and completeness of data cannot be guaranteed. Users employ these data at their own risk. In order to make attribution of use for owners of the data possible, the identifier of ownership of data must be retained with every data record. Users must publicly acknowledge, in conjunction with the use of the data, the data owners.

Cite the data as follows:

Staab, M. and Klein, A. (2019): Main Experiment: Leaf-litter inhabiting ants site A 2015. (Accessed through URL: http://china.befdata.biow.uni-leipzig.de/datasets/503)

Dataset Abstract

Under the canopy of 10 site A tree species (Castanea henryi, Castanopsis sclerophylla, Choerosbondias axillaris, Cunninghammia lanceolata, Cyclobalanopsis glauca, Liquidamber formosana, Lithocarpus glaber, Nyssa sinensis, Pinus massoniana, Schima superba) leaf litter ants were collected with Winkler extraction. The two coniferous species were only sampled in monocultures (no mixtures are planted), the remaining 8 tree species were sampled for the full gradient from 1 to 16 species mixtures. The data allow to test for the effect of tree species richness and tree species identity on leaf-litter ant diversity and community composition. As ants are colonial organisms, raw abundances should be analyzed with caution as the presence of single colonies with high worker numbers may bias abundances.
The dataset is presented in long format. An R script to transform the dataset to wide format is given as an additional freeformat file (see below)

Dataset Design

Around each of the target tree individuals (column 'trees_ID') one leaf litter sample was take be sifting the entire litter in the 1*1 m square around the tree trunk (trunk was the center of the square). The sifted litter was filled in standard winkler bags and left for 48 h. Each of the 8 angiosperm tree species was sampled in tree plots of the diversity levels 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 with 4 individuals per plot, summing up to 480 samples. The two coniferous species were sampled with 4 individuals in the 5 commercial monocultures planted for the species, resulting in 40 samples. All ants were counted and identified to species or morphospecies.

Spatial Extent

Site A, BEF-China Main Experiment, near Xingangshan in Jiangxi province

Taxonomic Extent

Formicidae (ants) extracted from the leaf litter

Freeformat files (1)

Data columns available in the raw data part of this dataset

PLOT_NO
Specific number of the plot sampled on Site A
Data group: Plot name Main experiment (letter, number code)
Keywords: Main Experiment, Site A, plot
Values
B38
C32
C31
B34
B35
* Eichenberg, D. also contributed to this column.
tree_spec
Scientific name of the species under which the sample was collected
Data group: Scientific plant species name
Keywords: Scientific plant species name
Values
Castanea henryi
Castanopsis sclerophylla
Choerospondias axillaris
Cunninghamia lanceolata
Cyclobalanopsis glauca
* Eichenberg, D. also contributed to this column.
trees_ID
Individual position of the sampled tree individual in the XXYY raster of each plot.
Data group: Individual position within plot in Site A or B (given by SP1/SP2)
Keywords: plant species, Main Experiment, Site A, individual position, tree individual
Values
0304
0212
0209
0214
0308
* Eichenberg, D. also contributed to this column.
litter cover
Estamated percentage of litter cover at the sampling position (in %)
Unit: %
Data group: Vegetation cover type
Keywords: leaf litter, vegetation cover
Values
15
25
30
20
10
* Eichenberg, D. also contributed to this column.
collection date
date of the collection of the respective sample
Data group: Date time information
Keywords: date
Values
2015-04-02
2015-04-01
2015-04-05
2015-04-10
2015-04-11
species name
Ant species name
Data group: Ant species name
Keywords: arthropods, ant, taxonomy
Values
Aenictus fuchuanensis
Brachyponera chinensis
Brachyponera luteipes
Camponotus cf compressus
Camponotus vitiosus
* Eichenberg, D. also contributed to this column.
morphospecies
morphospecies of the ants in the respective sample
Data group: Nominal taxon
Keywords: morphospecies, ant, taxonomy
Values
Bannapone sp 1
Monomorium sp 2
Aphaenogaster sp 3
Cerapachys sp 1
Aphaenogaster sp 5
* Eichenberg, D. also contributed to this column.
count
Number of individuals of the respective species found in the sample
Data group: Abundance
Keywords: arthropods, abundace
Values
105
102
0
1
10
* Eichenberg, D. also contributed to this column.