P4C: Associational effects mediated by parasitoids (TreeDì_P4C Parasitoids )

Local tree interactions might explain community-level associations of herbivores, their enemies, and tree diversity, but are likely modified by the wider tree neighborhood. The relative importance of potential bottom-up and top-down mechanisms underlying such associational effects, and their scale-dependence, remain unclear. Analyses of functional consumer traits, aided by molecular methods, may facilitate a mechanistic understanding. Objectives: Moth larvae-predator-parasitoid networks Molecular identification pipelines Phylogenetic framework for trophic communities